This document provides a list of the most important regulatory and market barriers for Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) in Denmark and Pumped Hydro Energy Storage/Pump Back Storage (PHES) in Norway, which has been made through an investigation of the regulatory and market conditions for development of new and operation of existing energy storage facilities in Denmark and Norway. Based on the outcomes of a workshop and a public consultation, the list has been revised and the identified barriers has been analysed and ways to overcome them has been suggested in this report.
This publication is a summary of our study that assesses the future energy storage needs of Denmark.
This report deals with the electricity supply system of Denmark and aims to provide a clear overview of the energy storage infrastructure needs in order to achieve high penetration of renewable energy in the electricity system. The existing power generation mix and transmission system, and the planned development and reinforcements are considered, along with the national plans for renewable energy development in the next decades up to 2050. The necessity of new energy storage facilities and their feasibility from the energy point of view is investigated with the aid of simulations of electricity system operation characteristics, using specially developed software. The produced qualitative and quantitative results highlight the need and benefits of energy storage in future electricity systems.